California Weekly Hay
ML_GR311   
Greeley, CO   Fri September 14, 2018   USDA - CO Dept of Ag Market News

California Hay Report

  Compared to last week: All classes traded steady with moderate demand.  
According to the NASS Crop Progress report 9/11/18, warm and dry conditions 
prevailed across most regions of the state. Near midweek, a series of cold 
fronts from the Pacific Northwest brought temperatures along the most northern 
reaches of the state to rest at slightly below normal levels. As the cold fronts 
moved eastward, temperatures began rising to seasonal levels along the northern 
counties. Other areas of the state experienced a warm up heading into the 
weekend as high pressure built off the coast. By weekend´┐Żs end, the high 
pressure began to weaken and a gradual cooling trend began to settle in.
Temperature highs ranged from the low 80s to low 90s in the mountains, low 80s 
to low 90s in the sierras, low 70s to low 100s along the coast, mid 90s to low 
100s in the central valley, and high 90s to high 110s in the desert.  
Temperature lows ranged from the low 30s to low 60s in the sierras, mid 40s to 
low 50s in the mountains, low 40s to high 70s in the desert, low 50s to mid 60s 
along the coast, and low 50s to low 70s in the central valley.  In Tulare County 
cotton bloomed and bolls were set, alfalfa was cut and baled, and corn and 
sorghum were harvested for silage. In the Sacramento Valley, rice progressed 
well and was near harvest, alfalfa was cut and baled, and corn was harvested for 
silage. Sunflower harvest continued in Sutter County.  Hay is reported FOB the 
stack or barn unless otherwise noted.  Regions are defined at bottom of report. 

Tons:  6140    Last Week:  7045    Last Year:  9645                            

Region 1: North Inter-Mountain: No New Sales Confirmed.                             

Region 2: Sacramento Valley:                                                   
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa                                                                      
      Supreme                  75  220.00-220.00  220.00                       
      Premium                 180  225.00-225.00  225.00     Retail/Stable     
      Good/Premium            200  200.00-200.00  200.00                       
      Fair                    250  180.00-180.00  180.00                       
  Alfalfa/Orchard Mix                                                          
      Premium                  75  270.00-270.00  270.00     Retail/Stable     

Region 3: Northern San Joaquin Valley:                                         
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa                                                                      
      Supreme                 275  230.00-240.00  237.27                       
                              625  255.00-280.00  263.00     Very High Testing 
      Good/Premium           1300  220.00-225.00  222.31                       
      Good                    300  200.00-200.00  200.00                       
      Fair/Good              1425  175.00-185.00  182.89                       
      Fair                    200  160.00-160.00  160.00                       
  Alfalfa/Grain Mix                                                              
      Good                    425  140.00-150.00  142.94                       
  Wheat Straw                                                                  
      Good                    210   90.00-90.00    90.00                       

Region 4: Central San Joaquin Valley: No New Sales Confirmed.

Region 5: Southern California:                                                 
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa                                                                      
      Premium                 175  265.00-265.00  265.00     Retail/Stable     
  Forage Mix-Three Way                                                         
      Good                     25  260.00-260.00  260.00     Retail/Stable     

Region 6: Southeast California:                                                
                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa                                                                      
      Premium                 400  215.00-220.00  218.75     Retail/Stable     

The following are the counties included in each region:                        
Region 1: Siskiyou, Modoc, Shasta, Lassen, and Plumas.                         
Region 2: Tehama, Glenn, Butte, Colusa, Sutter, Yuba, Sierra, Nevada, Placer,  
          Yolo, El Dorado, Solano, Sacramento, Amador, and Alpine.             
Region 3: San Joaquin, Calaveras, Stanislaus, Tuolumne, Mono, Merced, Mariposa.
Region 4: Madera, Fresno, Kings, Tulare, and Inyo.                             
Region 5: Kern, Northeast Los Angeles, and Western San Bernardino.             
Region 6: Eastern San Bernardino, Riverside, and Imperial.                     

Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than 10% 
grass, used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are 
approximate and many factors can affect feeding value.

             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16

ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = Relative Feed 
Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn 
formula.  TDN calculated using the western formula. Values based on 100% dry 
matter, TDN both 90% and 100%.

Source:  USDA-CO Dept of Ag Market News Service, Greeley, CO
         Jonathan Gittlein and Greg Sanders
         Greeley.LPGMN@ams.usda.gov 970-353-9750               
         www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/ML_GR311.txt
         http://marketnews.usda.gov/portal/lg

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